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A Section 8 Company is a non-profit organization that aims to promote charitable activities, art, science, education, and sports. The profits of such companies are utilized for promoting these objectives and are not distributed among the Company's members.
At legalduniya, we provide end-to-end services for registering Section 8 companies in India. Our team of experts offers hassle-free and professional services to help you establish a Section 8 company quickly and efficiently. Contact us today to avail of our professional services for registering your Section 8 Company in India.
According to the Companies Act 2013, a Section 8 company is defined as an organization whose objectives are to promote arts, commerce, science, research, education, sports, charity, social welfare, religion, environmental protection, or other similar activities goals. These entities utilize their profits to achieve their mission and do not distribute dividends to their shareholders.
A Section 8 Company is a type of corporation established to promote non-profit activities, such as education, social welfare, environment preservation, arts, sports, charity, and more. This follows the provisions of the Companies Act 2013.
The essential purpose of registering a Section 8 Company is to encourage non-profitable goals, including but not limited to trade, arts, commerce, education, charity, environmental protection, sports research, and social welfare. To register a Section 8 Company, a minimum of two directors are required, and there is no requirement for a minimum paid-up capital to set up such a company.
In India, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) can be registered under the Registrar of Societies or as a non-profit entity under Section 8 Company of the Companies Act, 2013
Profit generated by Section 8 Companies cannot be used for purposes other than charitable objectives and cannot be distributed among shareholders.
Section 8 Companies are similar to the erstwhile Section 25 Company under the Company Act 1956. As per the prevailing Company Act, these are now recognized as Section 8 Companies.
Section 8 Companies are required to comply with the provisions of the Companies Act 2013. They are mandated to maintain books of accounts, file returns with the Registrar of Companies (ROCs), and comply with GST and IT Act.
Any changes to the charter documents like the Articles of Association (AoA) and Memorandum of Association (MoA) require the government's consent.
Incorporating a Section 8 company in India offers numerous advantages, some highlighted below.
Section 8 companies registered under section 12AA of the Income Tax Act are eligible for a 100% tax exemption, as they utilize their profits for charitable purposes. This is a significant benefit as the profits generated by such entities are non-taxable.
Section 8 companies have a separate legal identity and perpetual existence, just like other registered companies. This increases their credibility and provides them with more autonomy and legal standing
Section 8 companies are subject to strict legal compliance frameworks, enhancing their credibility regarding legal standing. Unlike NGOs and trusts, Section 8 entities follow stringent compliances post-registration, making them more trustworthy.
Section 8 companies are free to choose a name that suits their liking during the registration process. Unlike other registered structures, they are not required to affix the term "Section 8" after their name.
A Section 8 company in India offers numerous benefits, including tax exemption, no minimum capital requirement, no need to pay stamp duty, separate legal identity, increased credibility, and no title required. These advantages make Section 8 companies attractive for entrepreneurs looking to start a business with a charitable or social cause.
The process of incorporating Section 8 companies in India involves the following steps:
The first step is to obtain a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) for the proposed directors of the Section 8 Company. This certificate is required for the online filing of documents with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). Form DIR-3 is used for obtaining the DIN and should be filed along with the DSC of the proposed directors.(Forms to be used: DIR-3, DSC)
After obtaining the DSC, the next step is to apply for a Director Identification Number (DIN) for the proposed directors. The DIN number is a unique identification number issued by the MCA to individuals who wish to be directors of a company in India. Forms to be used: DIR-3
The next step is to reserve the name of the proposed Company with the MCA. The Section 8 company name should be unique and not be similar to any existing company name. Form INC-1 is used for reserving the company name. Forms to be used: INC-1
After the company name is approved, the next step is to apply for Section 8 Company incorporation. The application for incorporation is filed in Form INC-32 along with the Company's Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA). Forms to be used: INC-32, MOA, and AOA
Once the application for incorporation is approved, the next step is to obtain a license for the Section 8 Company. Form INC-12 is used for obtaining the license. It should be filed along with the necessary documents.
After obtaining the license, the MCA issues a Certificate of Incorporation in Form INC-16. This certificate confirms the incorporation of the Section 8 Company. Forms to be used: INC-16
In summary, the forms used for Section 8 Company registration are DIR-3, DSC, INC-1, INC-32, MOA, AOA, INC-12, and INC-16.
A Section 8 Company cannot collect capital through deposits but can accept donations from the public. Several methods are available to raise funds, such as foreign donations, equity funding, and domestic donations.
Foreign contributions are permissible only if FCRA registration is obtained, which can be applied for three years after registration.
If immediate foreign contributions are required, prior permission from the commissioner can be requested.
Equity funding can be achieved by releasing new equity shares at a premium price. Domestic subsidies have no restrictions, but it is vital to establish a comprehensive system to prevent money laundering
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