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Welcome to legalduniya, your trusted partner for seamless and hassle-free business setup in India. Expanding your business by registering a subsidiary company in India is a strategic move that promises many advantages. With its vast market potential, burgeoning middle class, improved regulatory climate, access to a diverse talent pool, government incentives, and more, India offers a compelling proposition for business growth.
However, unlocking these benefits comes with its set of challenges. Navigating the Indian business landscape requires a deep understanding of local regulations and the ever-evolving business environment. This is where legalduniya steps in, offering our expertise to simplify the complex process.
At legalduniya, we are dedicated to helping you seamlessly establish your presence in India. Our team of legal and business experts is committed to making your subsidiary setup hassle-free, ensuring that you can focus on growing your business
A subsidiary company is often referred to as a sister company, while the company that exercises control over it is known as the parent company or holding company. The parent company holds the authority to control the subsidiary company, either in part or entirely.
The registration process for an Indian subsidiary company is governed by the Companies Act of 2013. According to the Companies Act of 2013, a subsidiary company can be defined as a company in which a foreign corporate body or parent entity holds a minimum of 50% of the total share capital. In essence, the parent company exerts a significant influence and control over the subsidiary company.
In India, there are two primary categories of subsidiaries:
Wholly-Owned Subsidiary: In a wholly-owned subsidiary, the parent company possesses 100% ownership of the subsidiary's shares. However, it's important to note that wholly-owned subsidiaries can only be established in sectors that permit 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).
Subsidiary Company: In this category of subsidiary, the parent company owns 50% of the subsidiary's shares.Before proceeding with the establishment of a subsidiary in India, obtaining approval from the Reserve Bank of India is a crucial prerequisite. This regulatory step ensures compliance with the country's foreign investment regulations and safeguards the interests of all stakeholders involved.
There are several compelling advantages associated with registering a subsidiary company in India:
Entry into the Indian Market: India's competitive environment offers a plethora of investment opportunities that attract foreign entrepreneurs to establish their subsidiary companies in the country.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India: FDI involves investments by foreign companies in Indian private companies through share subscriptions or acquisitions. In 2020, the Indian government introduced a provision requiring prior approval for investments from countries sharing a border with India, making Indian subsidiary registration an attractive option for foreign investors.
Perpetual Succession:The concept of perpetual succession ensures that a company's existence remains intact regardless of events like changes in management, transfers of membership, or insolvency. The company continues to operate seamlessly, providing stability and continuity.
Limited Liability:Limited liability is a significant advantage that encourages individuals to opt for company formation over other business structures. This principle extends to Indian subsidiary companies, protecting the personal assets of shareholders and directors. The company bears responsibility for its debts to third parties, shielding the personal assets of its stakeholders.
Scope of Diversification:Establishing an Indian subsidiary company provides a strategic avenue for foreign businesses to expand their operations. This contributes to the growth and development of the Indian economy and introduces a wide range of goods and services, fostering healthy competition.
Separate Legal Identity:According to the Companies Act, a company is recognized as a distinct legal entity separate from its shareholders and directors. This legal status empowers the company to engage in agreements with other competent entities as an artificial legal person. It also grants the company the ability to initiate legal actions and respond to allegations before the judicial system in its own name, without direct involvement from its members or directors.
Property Ownership and Rental:A subsidiary company, being a legal entity, possesses the authority and right to purchase or rent properties in India for its business activities. To prevent potential conflicts among company members, it is advisable to acquire such properties in the name of the company itself, aligning with the principle of perpetual succession.
Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA is responsible for setting and enforcing the rules and regulations governing company registration and compliance. Registrar of Companies (ROC) offices handle the procedures related to company incorporation, ensuring companies follows legal requirements. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) regulates foreign currency exchange aspects for Indian subsidiary companies, ensuring adherence to financial regulations.
The process of registering a company in India is governed by the Companies Act, 2013, which outlines various pre-incorporation and post-incorporation requirements. Here are the essential elements to consider when registering a company in India:
Company Name: Your new business requires a unique name that is distinct from existing businesses' names or trademarks
Shareholders: The parent company can hold 100% of the shares, or any combination of two foreign nationals can be shareholders. It is not mandatory to have an Indian resident as a shareholder.
Share Capital: India does not impose a minimum capital requirement for company registration.
Directors: A minimum of two directors is mandatory, with at least one director being an Indian resident. Nominee directorship services can be provided if required.
Registered Address: Every company in India must have a registered address that is officially recorded in government records. Virtual office address services are available to meet this requirement.
Annual General Meeting (AGM): According to the Companies Act, every Indian company must conduct at least one general meeting annually, in addition to two board meetings.
Company Secretary: It is mandatory to file three secretarial returns each year, which are handled by a company secretary. legalduniya can assist with this requirement. A statutory auditor must also be appointed.
Professional fees, including government fees for company registration
Following incorporation, companies are subject to a profit tax rate of approximately 25.36%
GST (Goods and Services Tax) is applicable to domestic sales, with monthly GST returns and one annual tax return required.
India has unique compliance requirements, including mandatory statutory audits even for smaller companies.
Companies must appoint a statutory auditor and submit annual filings.
Navigating these requirements is crucial for establishing and operating a company in India under the Companies Act, 2013.
Setting up an Indian subsidiary company involves several key steps and compliance requirements: Here's a step-by-step guide on how to register a company's subsidiary in India:
Determine the Type of Company: Decide on the type of subsidiary company you want to establish.
Obtain Digital Signature Certificate (DSC): Since the registration process is conducted online, you must obtain a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) for the proposed directors of the company. The DSC is used to electronically sign the necessary documents during the registration process.
Apply for Director Identification Number (DIN): The directors of the subsidiary company must obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN) from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). This can be done by submitting the DIN application online.
Name Approval: Please choose a unique name for your subsidiary company and apply for its approval through the MCA's online portal. Ensure that the chosen name adheres to the naming guidelines provided by the MCA.
Draft Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AoA): MoA and AoA are legal documents that outline the company's objectives, rules, and regulations. Prepare these documents following the Companies Act 2013.
File Incorporation Documents: Once your chosen name is approved, you must file the incorporation documents, including the MoA, AoA, and other required forms, with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) through the MCA's online portal. The incorporation process is typically done using the SPICe+ form on the Ministry of Corporate Affairs portal.
Payment of Registration Fees: Pay the necessary registration fees to the ROC based on the authorized capital of the subsidiary company.
Obtain a Certificate of Incorporation (COI): If all the submitted documents and information are in order, the ROC will issue a Certificate of Incorporation. This certificate officially confirms the registration of the subsidiary company.
Apply for Permanent Account Number (PAN) and Tax Registration: After obtaining the CoI, apply for a Permanent Account Number and a Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number from the Income Tax Department for the subsidiary company.
Open Bank Account: Finally, open a bank account in the name of the subsidiary company in India.Compliance with Other Regulations: In addition to the company registration process, ensure compliance with other relevant regulations.
Obtain a GST Number: Goods and Services Tax (GST) registration is required after completing the above steps, mainly if the company engages in various business activities. Every Indian company must apply for a GST number for taxation purposes.
Initiating Business Operations: The company can commence its business operations once all the preceding steps are completed.
To establish a legal and valid Indian subsidiary company, compliance with specific regulations is mandatory.
Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA): Foreign companies based in India must adhere to foreign exchange laws and regulations outlined in the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999.
Companies Act, 2013: All Indian subsidiary companies must comply with the Companies Act, 2013 provisions.
Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Compliances: RBI imposes several foreign exchange management compliances on Indian subsidiary companies.
Income Tax Act, 1961: Indian subsidiaries must file income tax returns every year. The corporate tax rate in India is currently 25%.
Annual Returns: Companies are required to file annual returns with the MCA and the Registrar of Companies.
SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Regulations): If the subsidiary lists its securities on a stock exchange, it must comply with SEBI regulations.
Indian subsidiary companies are subject to specific taxation policies:
Taxes are levied on all income earned within or outside India, including dividends from foreign subsidiaries.
Tax rates for foreign subsidiaries in India include 50% for royalty received for technical services from the government or any Indian entity and 40% for other income.
A surcharge of 2% is applied if the company's income falls between Rs. 1 Crore and Rs. 10 Crores; for payments above Rs. 10 Crores, a 5% surcharge is levied.
A 4% health and education cess is added to the total tax amount.
Concessional tax rates apply to Indian subsidiaries in specific sectors, such as oil exploration, air transportation, and shipping businesses.
legalduniya simplifies establishing an Indian subsidiary company by offering comprehensive support at every crucial step. From selecting a unique name and obtaining essential Director Identification Numbers (DIN) and Digital Signature Certificates (DSC) to assisting with PAN and TAN applications and setting up a dedicated company bank account, we streamline the entire registration process.
Our expert team ensures compliance with regulatory requirements, including the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), Companies Act, 2013, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) compliances, and the Income Tax Act, 1961.
We facilitate filing annual returns, guide you through SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Regulations) compliance, and provide tax services to navigate India's taxation policies. With legalduniya as your partner, you can initiate and grow your Indian subsidiary business confidently and efficiently.
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